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                          代寫美國essay:economic co-operative essay

                          時間:2019-03-04 14:02來源:未知 作者:anne 點擊:
                          導讀:本文是一篇美國本科economicco-operative的essay,主要研究的是合作模式能夠為當代經濟和社會問題提供一些東西。如果沒有,那怎么能更好地實現這些目標呢?該模型的優點和缺點是什么,
                          導讀:本文是一篇美國本科economic co-operative的essay,主要研究的是合作模式能夠為當代經濟和社會問題提供一些東西。如果沒有,那怎么能更好地實現這些目標呢?該模型的優點和缺點是什么,它們如何解決?。
                          從20世紀30年代開始,電力合作社成為美國農村的一項重要經濟戰略,并通過2012年的颶風沙地等事件繼續取得成功(Calderwood和Paul,2014年)。然而,美國的大多數情況證明合作不會必然會導致社會和環境意識的進步,盡可能地關注化石燃料和核能(Wood,2014)。然而,新一代可再生能源合作社已經開始組織起來。美國的農業合作社取得了一些主流成功,包括韋爾奇先生,海浪和陸地O'湖泊。在美國,一個合作社成立于1920年。有超過29,000.00個合作社雇用超過200萬美元和每年6520億美元的人(Zhao,2011)。一個組織的解決方案需要更新,小型合作社,合作聯盟后的美國工人成立于2000年(MacPherson,2008)。
                          Electric cooperatives become an important economic strategy of rural America starting in the 1930 s, and continued to success through events such as hurricanes sandy in 2012 (Calderwood and Paul, 2014).Value most in the United States, however, proved that cooperation does not necessarily lead to progress of the social and environmental consciousness, as much as possible to keep focus on fossil fuels and nuclear energy (Wood, 2014). However, a new generation of renewable energy cooperatives has begun to organization. Agricultural cooperatives in the United States have some of the mainstream success, including Mr Welch, sea spray, and land O 'lakes. In the United States, a cooperative association was established in 1920. There are more than 29,000.00 cooperatives to hire people with more than $2 million and $652 billion per year (Zhao, 2011). Solution for an organization needs to be updated and smaller cooperatives, American workers after cooperation federation was founded in 2000 (MacPherson, 2008).
                          員工所有權,員工持股計劃(ESOP)的替代方法是在美國路易斯開發的,參與者羅素在1974年制定法律的長期激勵,例如,在加利福尼亞州的大型連鎖超市制造商,以及家具的收入超過20億美元,員工持股(Wood,2014)。員工分享信任也或多或少地獨立發展,例如,在給定的鐵管公司。很多人越來越關注合作社運動的結構和發展問題(Zhao,2011)。隨著19世紀運動的發展,它已率先發展聯邦,動員地方組織更加集中力量和經濟實力的社會和政治效應。通常,系統有效地工作。但是,由于不同的發展水平和不同的規模,每個地方組織的有效運作水平不同,系統的有效性受到了損害。因此,他們很難達成協議來決定共同做什么。大型地方組織傾向于將自己的共同利益聯系起來,繞過他們的聯邦結構往往是緩慢而笨拙的。由于日益復雜,中央組織的管理變得越來越具有挑戰性。Employee ownership, alternative methods of employee stock ownership plan (ESOP), is developed in the United States Louis and long-term incentive of senator Russell written law in 1974, for example, in the large supermarket chain a California manufacturer, and furniture of the income of more than $2 billion, employee shareholding(Wood, 2014). Employee share trust also more or less independent development, for example, in a given iron pipe company. A lot of people are becoming more and more concern in the cooperative movement structure and development problems(Zhao, 2011). Along with the development of the movement in the 19th century, it has taken the lead in the development of federation, to mobilize local organizations into greater concentration and the social and political effects of economic strength. In general, the system works effectively. However, due to the different developing level and different size, different level of effective operation of each local organization, the effectiveness of the system is jeopardized. Therefore, it is difficult for them to reach agreement to decide what to do in common. Big local organizations tend to network on their common interests and bypass their federal structure is often slow and clumsy. Management of the central organization is becoming more and more challenging due to the increasing complex. 
                          Not easily applicable model to manage the organization, in addition to private companies by imitation is big, and they don't have to deal with many of the cooperative enterprise problem: for example, members of the special role/owners of the enterprise through the alliance cooperation, community service way of cooperation, and work with the government systematically to obtain the appropriate legislation (Calderwood and Paul, 2014).
                          Management challenges of success, building began reflecting the ways the cooperation ideas and values, it will only grow in century. Similarly, many established movement facing more and more serious problems of communication. Since the founding of new China in the 1920 s, generation after generation, died in most major European cooperative movement; In some countries they happened to leave two or three generations. The root cause of the development of cooperatives, therefore, is not as clear as ever. The beginning of the identity crisis, will beset movement for decades. Trying to cope with this problem by creating some national campaign partner schools, education institutions focus on the elected leaders and young workers, to a certain extent, the public, make sports values and ideas better understanding and application more effectively. This process in the mid - 1930 - s help when ICA is finally able to adopt a common set of principles, even those who are most likely to satisfy the needs of the consumer society. Ongoing identity problems are, however, for most of the rest of the century. This is a problem, it is difficult to come up with a joint united front the world outside, considering the different points of view in motion, avoid difficulties, often deep hate meetings, at the international conference. It is difficult to work with others focus on the question of the basic framework, challenges and scale advantage, and embarrassing identity problem. 1929 outbreak of the great depression and its deepening influence created some corresponding economic problems in the 1930 s but in the balanced development of the depression is good exercise. Method to improve the possibility of using cooperation is, for most people to cope with the serious economic and social problems. In many industries in the United States and Canada, such as credit unions, consumption, agriculture, fishing, and energy cooperation fields, the movement has been expanding rapidly.  In tremendous placesworld widely, many people find ideology very attractive, make people refreshing to go back to the 19th century the enthusiasm and practical idealism.
                          These new interest cooperation ideas related to cooperative complex problems in Soviet socialist republic and its moons. In line with the Marxist analysis of common cooperative, leader of the Soviet Union, after the Russian revolution in 1917, did not look at the cooperative as an important part of their project. Proletarian Dictatorship, era ", preferring to focus on key decisions as much as possible, and not let them in Moscow local action(Calderwood and Paul, 2014).
                          Results, however, the Soviet union found it useful to use forms of cooperation to provide food by enhancing urban consumption cooperatives network control of its central organization residual; The development cooperation in many cities housing; And most controversially, in the later s creating collective farm marshalling the use state of rural resources. The Soviet Union initiative international sports bring serious problem.
                          After the world war, the movement of increasing citizen’s happiness and daily living security became popular. In many countries, such as the US and a lot of European countries, they began to expand the range of welfare projects. These projects focused on how to improve care and education fields, such as universal health care, care for the elderly, national wide compulsory retirement plans, as well as mandatory education for children and public reeducation facilities. This is a serious economic problem and avoids the repeat of the depression to commemorate the sacrifice in the war. Although there is no generally support the development of the welfare state and the cooperative movement, they tend to through the public service delivery service and limited government agencies participation or regulation(Calderwood and Paul, 2014). General cooperatives participated in their communities, such as early farming cooperatives in North America, workers' general (especially with intentional community), become more evident during the depression, may be more actively found at the end of the war without much promise of the welfare development. In a great certain of degree, the international movement of the historic public social instinct is the emergence of the welfare state has been weakened. Shortly after the end of the war, there is quite a large expansion of motion (Wood, 2014). Several cooperative movement is beginning to emerge, and of course, usually in the imperial policy of agricultural development in the financial industry, or to establish a more mature market economy service ability. However, there are significant differences of role-playing of civil servants, in the colonies, or in the "mother" of the country. Have doubt the extent of the Cooperatives Empire has become a real integrated into the social and economic structure of the colony. This is the reason that why in the 1950s, there was big rate of damage in the south of the country. It also helps explain why the old cooperative movement is not as powerful in the south are likely to create new cooperative solve the problem of social and public.


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