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                          代寫美國essay片段賞析:Financial

                          時間:2019-03-05 14:55來源:www.tllw.tw 作者:vicky 點擊:
                          這是一篇美國代寫essay,本文首先探討了世界金融體系的發展現狀。其次,通過對2008年金融危機案例的分析,探討影響金融體系繁榮與衰退的原因。最后,本文將總結一個國家在金融周期各個階
                          這是一篇美國代寫essay,本文首先探討了世界金融體系的發展現狀。其次,通過對2008年金融危機案例的分析,探討影響金融體系繁榮與衰退的原因。最后,本文將總結一個國家在金融周期各個階段基于這些原因所采取的應對措施。
                          Firstly, this paper discusses the development status of the world financial system. Secondly, through the analysis of the financial crisis cases in 2008, this paper explores the reasons that affect the prosperity and recession of the financial system. Finally, this paper will summarize the measures taken by a country at all stages of the financial cycle based on these reasons.

                          長期以來,金融因素對實體經濟影響的作用一直是經濟學家關注的熱點問題。在金融領域,金融體系和金融政策日益成為經濟體系的組成部分。經濟周期理論早期的金融中性設定受到嚴重挑戰(Jovi_,2006)。80年代,金融市場與內生增長模式的完美融合,豐富了經濟周期理論。運用內生增長模型可以肯定金融因素在宏觀經濟波動源中具有重要地位,傳導能力強。近年來,隨著金融監管的逐步放松和金融創新的不斷出現,金融全球化和金融工具多元化極大地增強了資本的流動性,從而增加和放大了金融風險。
                          For a long time, the role of the impact of financial factors on real economy has always been a hot issue of concern for economists. In the financial sector, the financial system and financial policy have increasingly become an integral part of the economic system. The economic cycle theory’s financial neutral set in the early stage is seriously challenged (Jovi?, 2006). In the 1980s, the perfect fusion of financial markets and endogenous growth model enrich the theory of economic cycles. The financial factors having an important position in macroeconomic volatility source and strong conduction can be affirmed by the use of endogenous growth model. In recent years, along with the gradual relaxation of financial regulation and the continuous emergence of financial innovation, financial globalization and diversification of financial instruments have greatly enhanced the mobility of capital, thereby increasing and amplifying the financial risk. 

                          世界金融體系的發展現狀
                          世界金融體系有許多新的特點,需要對其進行研究和把握。首先,在整個世界范圍內,金融體系呈現出貨幣國際化和金融體系一體化的整體績效表現。目前,全球金融體系已經形成了一個單一的實體,一種新的互補聯動模式,一個問題將立即引發連鎖反應的地方。第二,全球金融體系脆弱。如果鏈接出現問題,它將立即形成蝴蝶效應。因此,整個金融體系將產生連鎖效應。不幸的是,這種趨勢無法控制。盡管次貸危機本身只涉及數千億美元,但它影響了整個世界(Zikmund,1997年)。此外,全球金融資本流動性過剩。世界上絕大多數財富為少數人所有,大大增加了金融資本的流動風險。這些金融掠奪者在一定程度上進行了投機,然后在未來市場、股票市場、房地產市場和外匯市場發生金融災難的情況下獲得股東的資金。從泰國的金融動蕩到南美洲的金融風險,沒有例外,這已經成為一個既定的公式和基本法。最后,對于金融波動的周期性而言,它變得更加頻繁。第二次世界大戰后,全球經濟危機已由過去的生產過剩危機轉變為金融危機。這是世界資本主義經濟危機的新規律。
                          The development status of the world financial system
                          There are a lot of new features to the world financial system, so it needs to study and grasp the regulations. First of all, in the whole world sphere, the financial system presents a holistic performance displaying as the internationalization of the currency and the integration of the financial system. At present, the global financial system has been formed as a single entity, a new pattern of complementary linkage and a place where the problem will immediately cause a chain reaction. Second, the global financial system is fragile. In case that a link has been signs of trouble, it will immediately form a butterfly effect. Therefore, the entire financial system will have a chain effect. Unfortunately, this trend is unable to control. Although the subprime crisis itself is only involved with hundreds of billions of dollars, it affected the whole world (Zikmund, 1997). Moreover, there is an excess liquidity in the global financial capital. The vast majority of the world's wealth is owned by a few people, thus it greatly increases the flow risk of financial capital. These financial predators make the speculation to a certain extent, and then obtain the shareholders’ money with the result of a financial disaster in future markets, stock markets, housing markets and foreign exchange markets,. There is no exception from the financial turmoil in Thailand to the financial risk of the South Americas.This has become an established formula and the basic law. Finally, it becomes more frequent to the cyclical nature of the financial fluctuations. After World War II, the global economic crisis has been converted from overproduction crisis in the past into a financial crisis. This is the new law of the world economic crisis of capitalism.

                          2008年金融危機的影響
                          2008年的經濟危機是1930年大蕭條以來世界經濟最嚴重的危機,2008年的金融危機發生在西方經濟大國的房地產、金融市場和股票市場三大泡沫同時破裂的情況下。因為這些國家主導著整個世界經濟,所以一旦他們陷入危機,所有國家都會受到牽連,包括中國(Bondt,2010年)。市場泡沫是自由市場經濟的必然產物。中國的內部改革開放初步進入自由市場競爭。當然,它必然要接受市場泡沫和金融危機的沖擊和挑戰。
                          Effect of the 2008 financial crisis
                          The 2008 economic crisis has been the most serious crisis of the world economy sincethe Great Depression crisis in 1930.The 2008 financial crisis occurred when three foams asreal estate, financial markets and the stock market ruptured simultaneously in the big countries of the Western economies. Because these countries dominate the whole world economy, so once they get into a crisis, all countries would be implicated, including China (Bondt, 2010). Market bubble is the inevitable product of the free market economy. China’s internal reform and opening up to the world initially enter the free-market competition. Of course, it will inevitably have to accept the impact and the challenge of the market bubble and the financial crisis.

                          2008年的經濟危機主要有以下幾個特點:第一,它蔓延到世界最富有的國家,造成了巨大的破壞。結果,股市出現了崩盤,復蘇過程非常緩慢。第二,影響范圍廣泛,特別是對經濟技術發達的主要進出口貿易國造成了極其深遠的影響。第三,它對全球保險公司和商業銀行造成了嚴重損害。眾所周知,世界上最大的商業銀行出現了巨大的虧損,導致了實體經濟的崩潰。第四,為了挽救國民經濟,政府不得不拯救市場。像英國和美國這樣的救助基金可能占其國內生產總值的13%(Shlens,2009年)。銀行體系的巨大損失是由于銀行家的貪婪、政府的宏觀調控不力、銀行監管不力、過度的貸款和投資以及資產證券化造成的。
                          The 2008 economic crisis mainly has the following characteristics: First, it caused huge damage as it spread to the world's richest countries. As a result, there was a crash in the stock market and the process of recovery was very slow. Second, it was a wide range of impact, especially causing an extremely far-reaching impact to the major import and export trade countries which had a developed economy and technology. Third, it led to a serious damage to the global insurance companies and commercial banks. As known to all, the world's largest commercial banks emerged a huge loss, which induced the collapse of the real economy. Fourth, in order to save the national economy, the governments had to rescue market. And bailout funds like Britain and the U.S. was probably on account of 13 percent of its GDP (Shlens, 2009). The huge losses in the banking system were caused by the greed of the bankers, the government's macro-control ineffective, the failure to supervise banks, excessive loans and investment, and securitization of the asset.

                          金融體系繁榮的原因
                          首先,面對金融體系的衰退,世界各國政府,特別是那些經濟對世界經濟有重大影響的重要國家,采取積極的自救措施。一旦經濟和金融動蕩爆發,這些政府的財政措施將變得積極而不是穩健(Andrew,2009年)。例如,2008年經濟危機后,中國在基礎設施項目和重點項目建設方面投入了4萬億美元。同時,有權發行債券的有限地方政府為地方發展提供了融資支持。這極大地刺激了經濟,促進了復蘇。
                          第二,金融體系的不斷完善,為金融體系的繁榮提供了保障。隨著金融體系的不斷完善,客觀因素導致的金融體系紊亂大大減少。同時,健全的金融體系也提高了整個金融市場的速度和效率(Geert,2009年)。金融體系提高了世界范圍內的聯系次數,增加了信息交流,減少了信息不對稱導致的金融體系紊亂。
                          最后,國際環境的穩定為金融體系的穩定創造了一個蓬勃發展的溫床。第二次世界大戰以后,世界環境趨于和平。不發生大規模戰爭,長期和平環境可能繼續。和平環境為經濟發展掃清了障礙。此外,它還促進了金融體系的繁榮。


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